Abdallah Sham has graduated with his master’s degree in Robotics and Computer Engineering at the University of Tartu, Estonia. He has accomplished his thesis under the supervision of Dr. Pia Tikka and Prof. Gholamreza Anbarjafari and Dr. Cagri Ozcinar from Tartu University. In his thesis Abdallah demonstrated that a Deep Neural Network model can be used to analyze Human Facial Expression in face-to-face communication (dyadic interaction). His work is concentrated in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Virtual Reality (VR), and Machine Learning (ML). His doctoral studies at the Digital Technology Institute (2020-2023) are conducted under supervision of Dr. Prof. David Lamas and Dr. Pia Tikka. Abdallah’s doctoral thesis focuses on virtual characters that can respond to the viewer’s non-verbal cues in a socially intelligent manner.